Hemorrhoids – Treatment Options & Prevention

Hemorrhoids treatment in Hyderabad | Dr. Datta Ram U

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are a common condition that affects many people at some point in their lives. They occur when the blood vessels in the rectum or anus become swollen and inflamed. Hemorrhoids can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding, but there are various treatment options available to alleviate the symptoms and promote healing. Let us explore some of the effective treatment options for hemorrhoids.

Diagnosis of Hemorrhoids

To diagnose hemorrhoids, a healthcare professional will typically perform a physical examination and inquire about your symptoms. Several diagnostic procedures may be used:

Visual inspection: The healthcare provider may visually inspect the anus and rectum to check for external hemorrhoids or any other visible abnormalities.

Digital rectal exam: The doctor may insert a lubricated gloved finger into the rectum to feel for internal hemorrhoids or other abnormalities.

Anoscopy or sigmoidoscopy: These procedures involve using a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera to examine the rectum and lower colon for internal hemorrhoids or other potential causes of symptoms.

Hemorrhoids Treatment in Hyderabad Options

The treatment options for hemorrhoids depend on their type, severity, and individual circumstances. Here are some common treatment approaches:

Lifestyle changes

In many cases, lifestyle modifications can help alleviate hemorrhoid symptoms and promote healing. These may include:

Consuming a high-fiber diet: Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help soften stools and prevent constipation.

Increasing water intake: Staying hydrated is essential to maintain healthy bowel movements and prevent constipation.

Using stool softeners: Over-the-counter stool softeners can help ease bowel movements and reduce straining.

Avoiding excessive straining: It is important to avoid straining during bowel movements as it can worsen hemorrhoids.

Regular exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can promote bowel regularity and prevent constipation.

Avoiding prolonged sitting: Taking breaks and avoiding sitting for extended periods can help relieve pressure on the rectal area.

Topical creams and ointments

Over-the-counter creams and ointments provide temporary relief from hemorrhoid symptoms, such as itching and discomfort. These topical treatments may contain ingredients like hydrocortisone or witch hazel, which can help reduce inflammation and soothe the affected area.

Sitz baths

Sitz baths involve soaking the anal area in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes several times a day. This can help reduce itching, inflammation, and discomfort associated with hemorrhoids.

Rubber band ligation

Rubber band ligation is a common procedure used to treat internal hemorrhoids. It involves placing a small rubber band at the base of the hemorrhoid, cutting off its blood supply. Eventually, the hemorrhoid will shrink and fall off.

Infrared coagulation

Infrared coagulation is a non-surgical procedure that uses heat to shrink internal hemorrhoids. It involves the application of infrared light to the hemorrhoid, causing it to harden and shrivel.


Sclerotherapy involves injecting a chemical solution into the hemorrhoid to shrink it. This procedure is often used for smaller internal hemorrhoids.


In this procedure, the doctor sends an electric current into the internal hemorrhoids. Due to this process involving electric current scar tissue forms that reduces blood supply to the hemorrhoids causing them to shrink.


Hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing the hemorrhoids. It is usually reserved for severe cases or when other treatments have not been effective. A surgical gastroenterologist who specializes in this type of treatment uses spinal or general anesthesia for hemorrhoidectomy.

Hemorrhoidectomy is the most complete and the most effective way to treat recurring or severe hemorrhoids.

Stapled hemorrhoidopexy

Stapled hemorrhoidopexy, also known as stapled hemorrhoidectomy, is a surgical procedure that involves using a circular stapling device to remove excess tissue and reposition the remaining hemorrhoidal tissue. This procedure is typically used for prolapsed hemorrhoids.

Laser treatment

Laser treatment uses a laser beam to eliminate hemorrhoids. It can be effective for both internal and external hemorrhoids and is often associated with less pain and faster recovery compared to traditional surgery.


Cryotherapy involves freezing hemorrhoids using liquid nitrogen or a probe. This causes the hemorrhoid to shrink and fall off.

Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids

In addition to medical treatments, several home remedies may provide relief from hemorrhoid symptoms. These include:

Consuming a fiber-rich diet: Eating foods high in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, can help soften stools and promote regular bowel movements.

Increasing water intake: Drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the day can help prevent constipation and promote smooth bowel movements.

Using stool softeners: Over-the-counter stool softeners can help make bowel movements more comfortable and reduce straining.

Taking warm baths: Soaking in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes can help reduce itching, inflammation, and discomfort.

Applying witch hazel: Witch hazel, available as a liquid or medicated pad, can provide temporary relief from itching and discomfort.

Using aloe vera: Applying aloe vera gel to the affected area can help reduce inflammation and soothe hemorrhoid symptoms.

Applying a cold compress: Applying a cold pack or ice wrapped in a cloth to the anal area can help reduce swelling and discomfort.

Using over-the-counter pain relievers: Non-prescription pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can help alleviate pain and discomfort associated with hemorrhoids.

Prevention of Hemorrhoids

While it may not be possible to prevent all cases of hemorrhoids, certain measures can help reduce the risk. Here are some preventive strategies:

Maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle: Consuming a diet high in fiber, staying physically active, and maintaining a healthy weight can help prevent constipation and reduce the risk of hemorrhoids.

Stay hydrated: Drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the day can promote regular bowel movements and prevent constipation.

Engage in regular exercise: Regular physical activity helps stimulate bowel movements and prevent constipation.

Avoid prolonged sitting: Taking breaks and avoiding prolonged sitting can reduce pressure on the rectal area and lower the risk of hemorrhoids.

Practice proper hygiene: After bowel movements, clean the anal area gently with moist wipes or a bidet, and avoid harsh soaps or toilet paper that can irritate the area.

Avoid excessive straining: Straining during bowel movements can increase the risk of hemorrhoids. If constipated, try using stool softeners or other methods to ease the passage.

Treat diarrhea promptly: Diarrhea can contribute to hemorrhoid development. If experiencing frequent bouts of diarrhea, seek medical advice to address the underlying cause.

When to Seek Medical Attention

While most cases of hemorrhoids can be managed with conservative measures and home remedies, there are situations when medical attention should be sought. It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional if:

  • Rectal bleeding persists or is severe.
  • Hemorrhoid symptoms do not improve with home treatments.
  • Pain becomes increasingly severe or persistent.
  • Hemorrhoids are accompanied by symptoms such as fever, chills, or discharge.
  • Bowel movements become increasingly difficult or painful.

Hemorrhoids treatment in Hyderabad

Bottom Line

Hemorrhoids are a common condition that can cause discomfort and pain. Understanding the different types, causes, and symptoms of hemorrhoids is crucial for effective management. Treatment options range from lifestyle changes and home remedies to medical interventions such as rubber band ligation, surgery, and laser treatment. By implementing preventive measures and seeking timely medical attention, when necessary, individuals can find relief from Haemorrhoidssymptoms and improve their quality of life.


1. Can hemorrhoids go away on their own?

In some cases, hemorrhoids may resolve on their own without medical intervention. However, it is important to adopt healthy habits and seek treatment if symptoms persist or worsen.

2. Are there any non-surgical treatment options for hemorrhoids?

Yes, there are several non-surgical treatment options available for hemorrhoids, including lifestyle changes, topical creams, sitz baths, rubber band ligation, infrared coagulation, sclerotherapy, laser treatment, and cryotherapy.

3. How long does it take for hemorrhoids to heal?

The healing time for hemorrhoids can vary depending on the type and severity. In general, with proper treatment and lifestyle modifications, mild cases may resolve within a few days to a couple of weeks. more severe cases of hemorrhoids may take several weeks or longer to heal completely.

4. Can hemorrhoids be prevented?

While it may not be possible to prevent all cases of hemorrhoids, adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a high-fiber diet, regular exercise, adequate hydration, and avoiding excessive straining, can help reduce the risk.

5. When should I see a doctor for hemorrhoids treatment in Hyderabad?

It is advisable to consult a surgical gastroenterologist for the best treatment of hemorrhoids in Hyderabad if you experience persistent rectal bleeding, severe pain, worsening symptoms, or if your bowel movements become increasingly difficult or painful. A surgical gastroenterologist can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment options.

14 Tips for Better Digestive Health | Dr. Datta Ram U

Tips for Better Digestion

Digestive health plays a crucial role in our overall well-being, as it affects the body’s ability to absorb essential nutrients and eliminate waste efficiently. Many individuals experience digestive issues such as bloating, indigestion, or irregular bowel movements. Fortunately, there are several strategies you can implement to improve your digestive health and promote overall wellness. In this article, we will explore fifteen tips that can help you maintain a healthy digestive system.

In This Article

1. Understanding Digestion

  • The digestive process
  • Role of digestive enzymes
  • Absorption and elimination

2. Healthy Eating Habits for Digestion

  • Eating a balanced diet
  • Incorporating fiber-rich foods
  • Avoiding processed foods
  • Managing portion sizes
  • Drinking plenty of water

3. Promoting Good Gut Bacteria

  • Importance of gut microbiota
  • Consuming probiotic-rich foods
  • Taking probiotic supplements

4. Managing Stress

  • The gut-brain connection
  • Techniques for stress management
  • Mindful eating

5. Regular Physical Activity

  • Exercise and digestion
  • Types of exercises beneficial for digestion

6. Getting Enough Sleep

  • Sleep deprivation and digestion
  • Tips for improving sleep quality

7. Hygiene and Food Safety

  • Washing hands before meals
  • Proper food handling and storage

8. Avoiding Trigger Foods

  • Identifying food intolerances
  • Common trigger foods
  • Elimination diet approach

9. Slow and Mindful Eating

  • Benefits of slow eating
  • Tips for mindful eating

10. Limiting Alcohol and Caffeine

  • Impact of Alcohol and Caffeine on Digestion
  • Moderation and alternatives

11. Quitting Smoking

  • Smoking and digestive health risks
  • Resources for smoking cessation

12. Managing Chronic Digestive Conditions

  • Seeking medical advice
  • Lifestyle modifications for specific conditions

13. Incorporating Herbal Remedies

  • Natural remedies for digestive issues
  • Consulting a healthcare professional

14. Importance of Regular Check-ups

  • Routine medical examinations
  • Detecting and managing digestive problems

15. Conclusion

1. Understanding Digestion

Digestion is the process by which the body breaks down food into smaller components to extract nutrients. It involves various organs and enzymes that work together to facilitate the process. Digestive enzymes play a vital role in breaking down proteins, carbohydrates, and fats, ensuring optimal nutrient absorption. Understanding the basics of digestion can help you make informed choices about your dietary habits.

2. Healthy Eating Habits are the best tips for better Digestion

Maintaining healthy eating habits is crucial for supporting proper digestion. Eating a balanced diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats provides essential nutrients and supports overall digestive health. Additionally, incorporating fiber-rich foods like legumes, nuts, and whole grains can help regulate bowel movements and prevent constipation. Avoiding processed foods and managing portion sizes are essential to maintaining a healthy digestive system. It is essential to drink plenty of water throughout the day to stay hydrated and aid digestion.

3. Promoting Good Gut Bacteria

The gut microbiota, a collection of bacteria residing in the digestive tract, plays a significant role in digestion and overall health. Consuming probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, sauerkraut, and kefir can help maintain a healthy balance of gut bacteria. Alternatively, probiotic supplements are available for individuals who may require additional support.

4. Managing Stress

Stress can have a significant impact on digestive health. The gut-brain connection highlights the influence of stress and emotions on digestion. Incorporating stress management techniques such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or engaging in hobbies can help reduce stress levels. Practicing mindful eating, where you focus on the sensory experience of eating, can also aid digestion.

5. Regular Physical Activity

Regular physical activity has numerous benefits for overall health, including digestion. Exercise stimulates the digestive tract muscles, promoting regular bowel movements and reducing the risk of constipation. Engaging in activities such as walking, jogging, or yoga can contribute to a healthy digestive system.

6. Getting Enough Sleep

Adequate sleep is essential for maintaining optimal digestion. Sleep deprivation can disrupt the digestive process, leading to issues such as indigestion or gastric reflux. Establishing a regular sleep schedule and creating a relaxing bedtime routine can improve sleep quality and support healthy digestion.

7. Hygiene and Food Safety

Practicing good hygiene and food safety habits can prevent digestive infections and illnesses. Washing hands before meals, properly handling and storing food, and ensuring kitchen cleanliness are essential for maintaining digestive health.

8. Avoiding Trigger Foods

Identifying and avoiding trigger foods can help manage digestive issues. Some individuals may have food intolerances or sensitivities that can cause bloating, gas, or discomfort. Keeping a food diary and eliminating potential trigger foods can provide valuable insights into your digestive health and help you make informed dietary choices.

9. Slow and Mindful Eating

Eating slowly and mindfully allows for proper digestion and helps prevent overeating. By taking the time to chew food thoroughly and savor each bite, you can promote better digestion and reduce the likelihood of indigestion or bloating. Mindful eating also involves paying attention to hunger and fullness cues, allowing you to maintain a healthy weight.

10. Limiting Alcohol and Caffeine

Excessive alcohol consumption and high caffeine intake can negatively impact digestion. These substances can irritate the stomach lining, contribute to acid reflux, and disrupt sleep patterns. Moderation is key, and it’s advisable to explore healthier alternatives such as herbal teas or infused water.

11. Quitting Smoking

Smoking has detrimental effects on digestive health, increasing the risk of various conditions such as gastritis, peptic ulcers, and certain types of cancer. Quitting smoking can significantly improve digestive health and reduce the risk of associated complications. Several resources and support systems are available to assist individuals in their journey to quit smoking.

12. Managing Chronic Digestive Conditions

If you have a chronic digestive condition such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn’s disease, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), it is crucial to seek medical advice. Healthcare professionals can provide personalized guidance and recommend lifestyle modifications to manage these conditions effectively.

13. Incorporating Herbal Remedies

Certain herbal remedies have been traditionally used to alleviate digestive issues. For example, ginger is known for its anti-nausea properties, while peppermint can help ease symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. However, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional before incorporating herbal remedies into your routine, as they may interact with medications or have contraindications.

14. Importance of Regular Check-ups

Routine medical examinations are essential for maintaining optimal digestive health. Regular check-ups allow healthcare professionals to detect and address potential issues early on. They may recommend screenings or further tests to ensure your digestive system is functioning correctly.

15. Conclusion

Tips for better digestion: Taking care of your digestive health is crucial for overall well-being. By implementing the tips mentioned in this article, such as adopting healthy eating habits, managing stress, engaging in regular physical activity, and prioritizing sleep, you can promote a healthy digestive system. Remember to practice good hygiene, avoid trigger foods, and seek medical advice for chronic conditions. Prioritizing your digestive health can lead to improved overall health and a better quality of life.


1. Are probiotic supplements necessary for maintaining good digestive health?

Probiotic supplements can be beneficial, especially for individuals with specific digestive issues or those who may not consume enough probiotic-rich foods. However, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional to determine if probiotic supplements are necessary for your unique situation.

2. Can stress really affect digestion?

Yes, stress can significantly impact digestion. The gut-brain connection demonstrates how emotional and psychological factors can influence digestive function. Managing stress through various techniques can help improve digestion.

3. How can I identify trigger foods that affect my digestion?

Keeping a food diary can be helpful in identifying trigger foods. Make a note of what you eat and any symptoms or discomfort you experience afterward. Over time, patterns may emerge, allowing you to identify foods that may be causing digestive issues.

4. Can herbal remedies effectively alleviate digestive problems?

Certain herbal remedies have been traditionally used to address digestive issues. However, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating herbal remedies into your routine, as they may interact with medications or have contraindications.

5. How often should I have regular check-ups for digestive health?

The frequency of regular check-ups may vary depending on individual factors and any existing digestive conditions. It’s best to follow the recommendations of your healthcare professional, who can provide guidance on the appropriate timing for routine medical examinations.

When to Consider Gallbladder Removal Surgery

Gallbladder specialist in Hyderabad – Dr. Datta Ram U

Gallbladder removal surgery, also known as cholecystectomy, is a standard surgical procedure that involves the removal of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small organ located under the liver that plays an important role in the digestive process by storing and releasing bile. However, in some cases, the gallbladder can develop problems, leading to a range of symptoms that can affect your quality of life. In this article, we will explore the reasons why you might consider gallbladder removal surgery, the types of surgery available, and the recovery process.

What is the Gallbladder, and what does it do?

Before we dive into the reasons why you might need gallbladder removal surgery, it is essential to understand what the gallbladder is and what it does. The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ that sits under the liver on the right side of the abdomen. Its main function is to store and release bile, a fluid produced by the liver that helps digest fat. When you eat, the gallbladder contracts and releases bile into the small intestine, where it breaks down the fat in the food you have eaten.

When is Gallbladder Removal Surgery Necessary?

A gallbladder specialist doctor in Hyderabad recommends surgery if a person has one or more of the following conditions:


Gallstones are small, hard deposits that form in the gallbladder and can cause pain and other symptoms. Gallstones can develop when there is too much cholesterol or bilirubin in the bile, or when the gallbladder does not empty properly. If you have gallstones that are causing pain or other symptoms, your doctor may recommend gallbladder removal surgery.


Cholecystitis is a condition in which the gallbladder becomes inflamed. This can happen when a gallstone gets stuck in the opening of the gallbladder, causing a blockage. Cholecystitis can cause severe pain, fever, and other symptoms. If you have cholecystitis, a gallbladder specialist in Hyderabad may recommend gallbladder removal surgery to prevent future attacks.

Biliary Dyskinesia

Biliary dyskinesia is a condition in which the gallbladder does not empty properly, causing pain and other symptoms. Biliary dyskinesia can be caused by a variety of factors, including nerve damage and certain medications. If you have biliary dyskinesia that is causing pain or other symptoms, your gallbladder specialist in Hyderabad may recommend gallbladder removal surgery.


Pancreatitis is a condition in which the pancreas becomes inflamed. In some cases, gallstones can cause pancreatitis by blocking the pancreatic duct, which is the tube that carries digestive enzymes from the pancreas to the small intestine. If you have pancreatitis caused by gallstones, gallbladder specialist in Hyderabad may recommend gallbladder removal surgery to prevent future attacks.

Types of Surgery to remove gallbladder

There are two main types of gallbladder removal surgery: laparoscopic cholecystectomy and open cholecystectomy.

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most common type of gallbladder removal surgery. It involves making several small incisions in the abdomen and inserting a laparoscope, a thin tube with a camera and surgical instruments attached. The surgeon uses the laparoscope to see inside the abdomen and remove the gallbladder through one of the small incisions.

Open Cholecystectomy

Open cholecystectomy is a more invasive type of gallbladder removal surgery that is usually only performed if laparoscopic cholecystectomy is not possible. It involves making a larger incision. The surgeon directly accesses the gallbladder through this incision to remove it.

Advantages of Laparoscopic Gallbladder Surgery

Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery, also known as laparoscopic cholecystectomy, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to remove the gallbladder. This type of surgery offers several benefits compared to traditional open surgery, including:

1. Smaller Incisions

During laparoscopic gallbladder surgery, the surgeon makes several small incisions in the abdomen rather than one large incision. This minimizes scarring and reduces the risk of infection.

2. Faster Recovery Time

Because laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is minimally invasive, it typically results in a faster recovery time compared to open surgery. Most patients are able to go home the same day or the day after the surgery and can return to work and normal activities within a week.

3. Less Pain and Discomfort

Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is less painful than open surgery because it causes less trauma to the surrounding tissues. This means that patients experience less pain and discomfort after the surgery and require less pain medication.

4. Lower Risk of Complications

Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is associated with a lower risk of complications compared to open surgery. This includes a lower risk of bleeding, infection, and damage to surrounding organs.

5. Higher Success Rates

Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery has a high success rate, with most patients experiencing complete relief of their symptoms after the surgery. In addition, the recurrence rate of gallstones after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is low.

6. Improved Quality of Life

Patients who undergo laparoscopic gallbladder surgery often experience an improvement in their quality of life. This is because the surgery relieves the symptoms of gallbladder disease, such as abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Bottom Line

In conclusion, laparoscopic gallbladder surgery offers several benefits over traditional open surgery, including smaller incisions, faster recovery time, less pain and discomfort, lower risk of complications, higher success rates, and improved quality of life. If you are considering gallbladder surgery, talk to the best gallbladder specialist in Hyderabad about whether laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is right for you – don’t delay in seeking the appointment of Dr. Datta Ram U.

Why You Need Surgery for Hernia?

Hernia Treatment in Hyderabad | Dr. Datta Ram U

A hernia is a condition that is common but not fully understood by many. If you have swelling and a protrusion that can be pushed back into your abdomen, you may be experiencing a hernia. If it continues to increase in size, surgery may be necessary to repair it. We will examine the causes of hernias, the various types of hernias, and how our state-of-the-art robotic surgery can assist individuals requiring hernia repair.

If you have hernia…

The most prevalent indication is the bulge that sticks out, revealing that an organ or intestine is pushing through the muscular wall. This enlargement may cause discomfort and increase in size. When lifting, certain individuals may also feel a persistent soreness.

When do you need surgery for hernia?

In certain situations, if the hernia is insignificant, remains stable in size, and doesn’t cause any discomfort or complications, then there might not be an immediate need for surgery.

Hernia can cause problems

Nonetheless, it’s crucial to understand that in most cases, hernias tend to increase in size over time. Even if it isn’t problematic presently, there is a high possibility that it could lead to severe complications later on if it’s not treated.


One of the possible complications is strangulation, which takes place when the protruding tissue gets compressed by the muscle wall, resulting in the blockage of blood supply and subsequent tissue death.

Hernia Complications

If a hernia becomes strangulated, it can lead to long-term harm and require immediate surgical intervention. Typically, the affected organs, such as the intestines, will become necrotic and could result in severe illness if not promptly removed. Therefore, it’s crucial to contact your surgical gastroenterologist right away if you experience symptoms like fever, nausea, sudden worsening pain, or if your hernia changes color to red, purple, or dark.

If Your Hernia Causes problems…

You will experience fever, intense pain, nausea, vomiting, the bulge that turs purple or red, progressive pain and discomfort.

Hernia Treatment in Hyderabad

Experienced surgical gastroenterologists recommend surgery to prevent potential complications. Doctors advise patients to undergo a minimally invasive laparoscopic hernia repair procedure to treat hernia. The procedure helps in preventing hernia from getting worse or doesn’t allow it to increase in size.

Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery

Recent developments in minimally invasive surgery allow for procedures to be carried out using only a few small incisions instead of a larger “open” incision, providing patients with a less invasive option. Laparoscopic surgery is also utilized for other procedures like gallbladder removal and weight loss surgery.

Bottom Line

It is crucial that you make an appointment for your surgery without delay, as postponing it may lead to more severe complications in the future. If you suspect that you have a hernia or require additional information, please get in touch with Dr. Datta Ram right away, and he will provide you the best hernia treatment in Hyderabad.

Types of Hernia – When to See a Doctor?

Types of hernia: Typically, a hernia occurs in the abdomen or groin area when an organ protrudes through the tissue or muscle that surrounds it. It may appear as a peculiar lump or bulging that appears and disappears while performing various activities or in different positions. The bulge area is seen due to an opening or weakness in the tissue. Some people may experience symptoms such as pain or discomfort, while others may not have any symptoms at all. However, the majority of hernias will require surgical intervention to repair them.

As one age, the consistent strain on muscles may cause hernias to develop slowly over time. Hernias may also be caused by an injury, surgical procedure, or a congenital condition.

Some of the common locations of Hernia

  • Lower chest or through the diaphragm
  • In the groin area through the lower abdominal wall
  • Through a weak opening from a previous abdominal surgery
  • Front midline position of the abdomen

Types of hernia

  1. Hiatal Hernia

During your lifetime, you may develop a type of hernia called a hiatal hernia. This occurs when the opening in your diaphragm, through which your esophagus passes, widens, allowing the upper part of your stomach to protrude through the opening and into your chest.

  • Umbilical Hernia

An umbilical hernia occurs when part of the intestine protrudes through a hole in the abdominal wall close to the belly button. In most cases, umbilical hernias are present at birth.

  • Diaphragmatic Hernia

A congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a major birth defect that arises when the diaphragm fails to fully close during fetal development. As the organs are still growing, this condition may cause abdominal organs to move upwards into the chest cavity, leading to lung compression.

  • Inguinal Hernia

The most prevalent form of hernia is the inguinal hernia, which makes up 75% of all hernias. It is more prevalent in males or those assigned male at birth (AMAB). This type of hernia occurs when a section of the bowel protrudes into the inguinal canal, a pathway that runs down the inner thigh.

  • Incisional Hernia

An incisional hernia may result when the tissue pushes through a weakened area in the abdominal wall from previous surgery. This is a common result of abdominal surgery.

  • Femoral Hernia

This type of hernia less commonly occurs in the femoral canal, which is situated beneath the inguinal canal. It is characterized by the protrusion of fatty tissue.

Hernia Symptoms

Symptoms may not always be present with all types of hernias, and different types of hernias can cause varying symptoms. A clear indicator of a hernia is the appearance of a visible lump or bulge during certain movements or positions, which can disappear at other times. Additionally, one may experience sensations of pressure, a dull ache, or pinching when the hernia protrudes, which typically occurs during activities such as straining, lifting, laughing, or coughing.

Is hernia a serious health issue?

Although hernias are usually not severe, they have the potential to become serious. They can gradually worsen and become stuck in the hole they have pushed through. When this happens, it causes pain, and in extreme cases, tissue death due to lack of blood supply. As hernias tend to deteriorate over time, most people will require surgical intervention at some point to repair the hernia. Surgical intervention depends on the types of hernia.

When to see a surgical gastroenterologist?

It’s advisable to see a surgical gastroenterologist for any pain related to a hernia. A proper diagnosis by the surgical gastroenterologist is crucial because other medical conditions may be misinterpreted as hernia pain. Immediate medical attention should be sought if the hernia changes color, becomes numb, or causes symptoms such as fever, nausea, and vomiting.