Hemorrhoids – Treatment Options & Prevention

Hemorrhoids treatment in Hyderabad | Dr. Datta Ram U

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are a common condition that affects many people at some point in their lives. They occur when the blood vessels in the rectum or anus become swollen and inflamed. Hemorrhoids can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding, but there are various treatment options available to alleviate the symptoms and promote healing. Let us explore some of the effective treatment options for hemorrhoids.

Diagnosis of Hemorrhoids

To diagnose hemorrhoids, a healthcare professional will typically perform a physical examination and inquire about your symptoms. Several diagnostic procedures may be used:

Visual inspection: The healthcare provider may visually inspect the anus and rectum to check for external hemorrhoids or any other visible abnormalities.

Digital rectal exam: The doctor may insert a lubricated gloved finger into the rectum to feel for internal hemorrhoids or other abnormalities.

Anoscopy or sigmoidoscopy: These procedures involve using a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera to examine the rectum and lower colon for internal hemorrhoids or other potential causes of symptoms.

Hemorrhoids Treatment in Hyderabad Options

The treatment options for hemorrhoids depend on their type, severity, and individual circumstances. Here are some common treatment approaches:

Lifestyle changes

In many cases, lifestyle modifications can help alleviate hemorrhoid symptoms and promote healing. These may include:

Consuming a high-fiber diet: Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help soften stools and prevent constipation.

Increasing water intake: Staying hydrated is essential to maintain healthy bowel movements and prevent constipation.

Using stool softeners: Over-the-counter stool softeners can help ease bowel movements and reduce straining.

Avoiding excessive straining: It is important to avoid straining during bowel movements as it can worsen hemorrhoids.

Regular exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can promote bowel regularity and prevent constipation.

Avoiding prolonged sitting: Taking breaks and avoiding sitting for extended periods can help relieve pressure on the rectal area.

Topical creams and ointments

Over-the-counter creams and ointments provide temporary relief from hemorrhoid symptoms, such as itching and discomfort. These topical treatments may contain ingredients like hydrocortisone or witch hazel, which can help reduce inflammation and soothe the affected area.

Sitz baths

Sitz baths involve soaking the anal area in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes several times a day. This can help reduce itching, inflammation, and discomfort associated with hemorrhoids.

Rubber band ligation

Rubber band ligation is a common procedure used to treat internal hemorrhoids. It involves placing a small rubber band at the base of the hemorrhoid, cutting off its blood supply. Eventually, the hemorrhoid will shrink and fall off.

Infrared coagulation

Infrared coagulation is a non-surgical procedure that uses heat to shrink internal hemorrhoids. It involves the application of infrared light to the hemorrhoid, causing it to harden and shrivel.


Sclerotherapy involves injecting a chemical solution into the hemorrhoid to shrink it. This procedure is often used for smaller internal hemorrhoids.


In this procedure, the doctor sends an electric current into the internal hemorrhoids. Due to this process involving electric current scar tissue forms that reduces blood supply to the hemorrhoids causing them to shrink.


Hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing the hemorrhoids. It is usually reserved for severe cases or when other treatments have not been effective. A surgical gastroenterologist who specializes in this type of treatment uses spinal or general anesthesia for hemorrhoidectomy.

Hemorrhoidectomy is the most complete and the most effective way to treat recurring or severe hemorrhoids.

Stapled hemorrhoidopexy

Stapled hemorrhoidopexy, also known as stapled hemorrhoidectomy, is a surgical procedure that involves using a circular stapling device to remove excess tissue and reposition the remaining hemorrhoidal tissue. This procedure is typically used for prolapsed hemorrhoids.

Laser treatment

Laser treatment uses a laser beam to eliminate hemorrhoids. It can be effective for both internal and external hemorrhoids and is often associated with less pain and faster recovery compared to traditional surgery.


Cryotherapy involves freezing hemorrhoids using liquid nitrogen or a probe. This causes the hemorrhoid to shrink and fall off.

Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids

In addition to medical treatments, several home remedies may provide relief from hemorrhoid symptoms. These include:

Consuming a fiber-rich diet: Eating foods high in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, can help soften stools and promote regular bowel movements.

Increasing water intake: Drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the day can help prevent constipation and promote smooth bowel movements.

Using stool softeners: Over-the-counter stool softeners can help make bowel movements more comfortable and reduce straining.

Taking warm baths: Soaking in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes can help reduce itching, inflammation, and discomfort.

Applying witch hazel: Witch hazel, available as a liquid or medicated pad, can provide temporary relief from itching and discomfort.

Using aloe vera: Applying aloe vera gel to the affected area can help reduce inflammation and soothe hemorrhoid symptoms.

Applying a cold compress: Applying a cold pack or ice wrapped in a cloth to the anal area can help reduce swelling and discomfort.

Using over-the-counter pain relievers: Non-prescription pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can help alleviate pain and discomfort associated with hemorrhoids.

Prevention of Hemorrhoids

While it may not be possible to prevent all cases of hemorrhoids, certain measures can help reduce the risk. Here are some preventive strategies:

Maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle: Consuming a diet high in fiber, staying physically active, and maintaining a healthy weight can help prevent constipation and reduce the risk of hemorrhoids.

Stay hydrated: Drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the day can promote regular bowel movements and prevent constipation.

Engage in regular exercise: Regular physical activity helps stimulate bowel movements and prevent constipation.

Avoid prolonged sitting: Taking breaks and avoiding prolonged sitting can reduce pressure on the rectal area and lower the risk of hemorrhoids.

Practice proper hygiene: After bowel movements, clean the anal area gently with moist wipes or a bidet, and avoid harsh soaps or toilet paper that can irritate the area.

Avoid excessive straining: Straining during bowel movements can increase the risk of hemorrhoids. If constipated, try using stool softeners or other methods to ease the passage.

Treat diarrhea promptly: Diarrhea can contribute to hemorrhoid development. If experiencing frequent bouts of diarrhea, seek medical advice to address the underlying cause.

When to Seek Medical Attention

While most cases of hemorrhoids can be managed with conservative measures and home remedies, there are situations when medical attention should be sought. It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional if:

  • Rectal bleeding persists or is severe.
  • Hemorrhoid symptoms do not improve with home treatments.
  • Pain becomes increasingly severe or persistent.
  • Hemorrhoids are accompanied by symptoms such as fever, chills, or discharge.
  • Bowel movements become increasingly difficult or painful.

Hemorrhoids treatment in Hyderabad

Bottom Line

Hemorrhoids are a common condition that can cause discomfort and pain. Understanding the different types, causes, and symptoms of hemorrhoids is crucial for effective management. Treatment options range from lifestyle changes and home remedies to medical interventions such as rubber band ligation, surgery, and laser treatment. By implementing preventive measures and seeking timely medical attention, when necessary, individuals can find relief from Haemorrhoidssymptoms and improve their quality of life.


1. Can hemorrhoids go away on their own?

In some cases, hemorrhoids may resolve on their own without medical intervention. However, it is important to adopt healthy habits and seek treatment if symptoms persist or worsen.

2. Are there any non-surgical treatment options for hemorrhoids?

Yes, there are several non-surgical treatment options available for hemorrhoids, including lifestyle changes, topical creams, sitz baths, rubber band ligation, infrared coagulation, sclerotherapy, laser treatment, and cryotherapy.

3. How long does it take for hemorrhoids to heal?

The healing time for hemorrhoids can vary depending on the type and severity. In general, with proper treatment and lifestyle modifications, mild cases may resolve within a few days to a couple of weeks. more severe cases of hemorrhoids may take several weeks or longer to heal completely.

4. Can hemorrhoids be prevented?

While it may not be possible to prevent all cases of hemorrhoids, adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a high-fiber diet, regular exercise, adequate hydration, and avoiding excessive straining, can help reduce the risk.

5. When should I see a doctor for hemorrhoids treatment in Hyderabad?

It is advisable to consult a surgical gastroenterologist for the best treatment of hemorrhoids in Hyderabad if you experience persistent rectal bleeding, severe pain, worsening symptoms, or if your bowel movements become increasingly difficult or painful. A surgical gastroenterologist can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment options.

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