Hiatal Hernia Symptoms, Complications and Treatment

Hiatal Hernia Symptoms, Complications and Treatment (Surgery)

Hiatal Hernia Treatment in Hyderabad | Hiatal Hernia Specialist in Hyderabad |Hiatal Hernia Surgery Cost in Hyderabad

Hiatal Hernia

Diaphragm separates your chest and abdomen. Your esophagus passes through a small opening through your diaphragm before it connects with the stomach. The small opening is known as hiatus. Sometimes, your stomach pushes up into your chest through hiatus. This condition is known as hiatal hernia. The stomach thus bulges and remain partly above the diaphragm.

“Protrusion of the stomach into the chest through the diaphragm (a large flat muscle that separates the abdomen and the chest. It is the main muscle for breathing).”

You may not know that you have this condition unless your doctor discovers it while examining you for another health issue. In general, small hiatal hernia doesn’t cause any symptoms or issues. However, you may develop heartburn and acid reflux due to a large hiatal hernia. It causes the acid and food from your stomach to flow back to esophagus. Some medications and home remedies or self-care measures can help relieve the symptoms. But, if you have a large hiatal hernia, you may require surgery to treat it.

Hiatal Hernia Symptoms

Small to moderate size hernias don’t cause any symptoms. But large hiatal hernia can cause the following symptoms:

  • Chest pain or abdominal pain
  • Feeling full immediately after eating
  • Pressure in the upper part of the abdomen
  • Heartburn
  • Regurgitation of liquid or food into the mouth
  • Acid Reflux (GERD)

Hiatal Hernia Causes

Though it is not known why hiatal hernia occurs, the following reasons can be attributed to the cause:

You may get hiatal hernia, if You:

  • Have unusually large hiatus (may be by birth)
  • Put excessive and persistent force or pressure on diaphragm and its surrounding muscles while vomiting or coughing.
  • You have undergone injury to the hiatus or subjected to trauma
  • Strain yourself during a bowel movement, exercising or lifting heavy objects
  • You have undergone a certain type of surgery

Hiatal Hernia Complications


In this condition, acidic stomach contents flow back into the esophagus. If you have GERD, you will experience severe burning chest pain and difficulty in swallowing.

GERD can cause severe esophageal ulcers and bleeding, narrowing of the esophagus and a pre-cancerous change in the esophagus called “BARRETTS ESOPHAGUS” which can later lead to esophageal cancer.

GERD affects the quality of life as the burning pain prevents you from eating the food of your choice. In most instances, you may be scared of eating the food you like the most due to precipitation of pain.

Volume Reflux

Some patients suffer regurgitation of food into the mouth.

Many aspirate it into the lungs especially at night and have cough and repeated respiratory infections.

Diagnosis of Hiatal Hernia

A typical history is often diagnostic and does not require any special tests
Upper GI endoscopy
24 hr ph Monitoring of the oesophagus
Esophageal manometry to assess esophageal motility

Hiatal Hernia Treatment in Hyderabad (Surgery) For further evaluation and treatment of hiatal hernia, do consult

Dr Datta Ram U
Senior Consultant Surgical Gastroenterologist
Sunshine Hospital, Gachibowli Hyderabad

Call: 9895437059
Email: [email protected]
Website: www.drdattaram.com

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