Laparoscopic surgery- What is it?

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Laparoscopic surgery or key hole surgery or Minimally invasive surgery are the same. Abdominal surgery performed by making small wounds in the abdomen. Few decades ago, abdominal surgery was performed by open method and patients had long cuts or wounds in the abdomen which caused lot of pain after surgery, wound infection rates were higher, recovery after surgery meant few weeks of rest at home and loss of work. The trauma of access was very significant even for a small surgery in the abdomen.

Laparoscopic surgery is performing abdominal surgery by making small cuts in the abdomen. The abdominal organs are visualised by insufflating carbon di oxide into the abdomen to create a working space and a camera – telescope system is introduced into the abdomen to see inside. Long instruments are introduced thorough the small cuts made and the surgery is performed.

Laparoscopic surgery is a revolution in the field of abdominal surgery and after its introduction there has been a paradigm shift in the way the abdominal surgeries are performed.

The advantages of Laparoscopic surgery are:

  • Less pain after surgery
  • Cosmetically aesthetic scars- small wounds, small scars
  • Short hospital stay
  • Faster recovery after surgery
  • Lower wound infection rates
  • Reduces intra abdominal adhesions
  • Lower rates of incisional hernias
  • Less immunosupopressive effect of surgery

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